Spider Veins – Cause and Treatments

Sometimes, you might have noticed red and blue blood vessels visible through your skin. Have you become a little embarrassed or worried about them? Do you wonder what they are? They are called spider veins. Here, we will discuss the causes and treatments of spider vein.

What causes spider veins?
Spider veins are a mild manifestation of venous reflux disease. They are small, tangled groups of blood vessels that are found just beneath the skin surface. These dilated veins have the appearance of spider webs or branches, and are normally spread out around the legs and feet.

What are the risk factors?
Spider vein risk factors are like those associated with varicose veins, including advancing age, occupations requiring extended periods of standing, obesity, heredity factors and hormonal changes. People can also develop this condition because of prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays or as a result of weak vessel walls.

From the risk factors, it is clear that some people are prone to this problem than others. For example, if you work as a surgeon, a teacher or a nurse, chances are high that you could develop this condition. Similarly, if there is a genetic history of weak vein valves, the probability of developing spider veins is also high. The same applies to hormonal changes, which mainly occur during puberty, pregnancy and menopause.

The exact cause of spider veins is yet to be established. Existing risk factors can be divided into two general sub-divisions, i.e. congenital causes and acquired causes. In congenital causes, there port-wine stain, Maffucci’s syndrome and hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (also known as osler-weber-rendu syndrome), among others. The acquired causes include acne rosacea, chemotherapy and lifestyle/occupation risk factors (as discussed above).

What symptoms are associated with spider veins?
Spider veins are painful in some cases, with cramping and aching. They often result in a feeling of heaviness in the legs, and throbbing, burning or tingling sensations. In addition, other symptoms such as fatigue, itching and swelling can also be experienced. In advanced cases, this condition can develop phlebitis, large sores and ulcers. However, spider veins are detected by their appearance in the majority of incidences.

Tests and Diagnosis
Doctors usually employ non-invasive diagnostic tests to diagnose this condition. These tests are perfectly safe and painless, with no scalpels, needles or medication needing to be involved. The entire procedure is normally very brief, and generally won’t take you more than an hour.

There are three main things that doctors seek to answer through these diagnostic tests. Firstly, they want to establish any evidence of deep vein blood clots. Secondly, they discover whether the veins are functioning properly. And lastly, they test the Greater Saphenous Vein (GSV) to determine if it is working well.

A competent vein specialist will always undertake this exercise before treating your condition. Some of the procedures that you can expect include:

*Color-flow Duplex Exam – This is used to evaluate the anatomy of the affected veins. It determines the direction of blood flow, openings and blockages. This procedure is also important in the process of vein mapping (done for skin deep problems).

*Bi-directional Doppler Exam – This is an ultrasound exam used to determine the speed of blood flow and whether it pauses during normal breathing. It also seeks to identify whether your veins are working properly.

*Photoplethysmography – Phew! Don’t let this complicated medical term intimidate you. Photoplethysmography is basically a diagnostic procedure that determines the efficiency of your calf muscle pump.

*Pressure Calf Exam – In performing this exam, you’ll be asked to lie facing upwards with legs raised higher than your chest. This diagnostic procedure seeks to identify any vessel blockages.

Treatment
After establishing the specific nature of your problem, the doctor will then recommend the best treatment for you. There are several available options:

Sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy involves the doctor injecting a saline solution into the affected veins. The solution then damages the affected vessel walls, causing them to swell and seal shut. Within several weeks the scar tissue will fade. The sclerotherapy procedure takes approximately 30 minutes, and has only mild side-effects. Though the injection may be a bit painful, the stinging sensation is usually gone within a few minutes.

Laser and Intense Pulsed Light
This treatment employs the use of a specialised device that focuses laser energy to the damaged tissue. The whole procedure takes only twenty minutes, and has minimal side-effects.

Natural Remedies
Natural remedies can mean the difference between undergoing medical procedures or not, and are valuable alongside medical treatment. Some recommended herbal remedies include:

*Horse Chestnut Seed – Studies show that this seed helps to improve blood circulation in the legs thus strengthening the veins and capillaries.

*Bilberry Extract – This herbal extract is known to stimulate new capillary formation thus strengthening the capillary walls.

*Butchers Broom – This herb strengthens veins.

*Gotu Kola – A very effective extract in addressing venous insufficiency, foot swelling and water retention. It therefore provides a good solution to spider veins found on the legs.

*Distilled Witch Hazel – This is directly applied on the affected areas using a cotton ball. Numerous clinical studies have shown that this extract can help strengthen blood vessels.

Caution: For health safety purposes, do not start using any herbal remedies without consulting a qualified doctor.

Spider veins prevention
Two of the most important things regarding the prevention of spider veins are eating a balanced diet and getting regular exercise. Eating a diet higher in fresh, raw fruits and vegetables than meat and convenience food is crucial, and if your job requires you to stand for a long time, you need to regularly shift your body weight from one leg to another as well as standing evenly balanced.

To sum things up, the procedure of a spider vein removal is chosen by several key factors. Your specialist will determine the best treatment options based on the results obtained from the diagnostic tests. We hope that this article will provide all the necessary guidance you need in addressing this problem.

For more information about spider veins Brisbane, contact the leg vein doctor Brisbane today.

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Metal Fabrication – History and Use in Mining Industry

Metal fabrication began in the earliest civilizations when the metals gold, mercury, silver, tin, iron, lead, and copper were discovered. These metals were worked by early artisans into decorative pieces, religious iconography, and jewelry. Items of a practical nature were forged from metal including coinage, tools, and weapons. Using heat and tools, metalworkers began to make functional objects and the industry developed through the years advancing and gaining value from society.

As an industrialised society, the world cannot live without metal; it is essential to almost every industry from mining and heavy industry to agriculture and medical equipment.

Specialist engineers and manufacturers fabricate metal and metal alloys, which are made from a combination of different metals for a staggering number of uses. The pivotal role of metal has been responsible for significant advances in technology, construction, transport, and agri-science. Metal has strength; it is very low maintenance and will last a lifetime and more. Specialist metal fabrication companies are made up of a group of skilled people who all have a role in the process of turning metal into supports for a building, heavy duty mining equipment or boilers and tanks to name a few.

Metal fabrication is a series of processes used to manufacture an object from metal. The specialised equipment involved includes laser cutting machinery, turret punches, machine centers, rollers, welding machinery, water jets, and metal shears. The metals most commonly used for fabrication are aluminium, stainless steel, and carbon steel, which is in the form of sheets, tubing and bars. Most metal objects start life as sheet metal in varying thicknesses depending on the application. Thicker sheets are known as metal plate.

The process starts with the design and then the fabrication begins with the metal sheet being sheared, laser cut or punched into shapes. Once the required basic shape is achieved, the object goes next to the press brake machine to form any bends a process known as forming. Dies are used in the press brake to make the correct accurate shape according to the design plans. The product may be finished at this stage or will be just one component in a series that requires moving on to the next process, which is welding.

Welding is a skilled practice and the artistry of the welder is to take the component parts shaped and formed previously and weld all the pieces together to make the final product in accordance with the design. This final assembly is critical and it is up to the welder to use the welding technique necessary for the job in hand.

Metal fabrication is essential to heavy industry such as mining. The manufacturing of support equipment, skids, conveyor belts, tanks, crushers, drill rigs and hydraulic lifting equipment through to pipe work are all the result of the metal fabrication process. In the mining industry there are very often special requests for one off pieces of equipment that are needed in a hurry and the metal fabrication business that can design and manufacture the product to implementation on site is the company that has the advantage. Metal fabricators may also be called upon to repair equipment or weld a broken object. Mining relies upon rugged, tough machinery often needing custom manufacturing or enhancements making metal fabricators an essential support service to the industry.

Reputable metal fabricators have the ability to design high quality, complex products with precision and manufacture them to full compliance with the specification, which is essential to mining companies who need to be operational at all times. Other metal fabrications for the mining industry include chutes, bins, screen stands, safety guards, stairs, catwalks, platforms and wear plates.

Metal is an essential material for mankind and industry and has the ability to be recycled over and over again which makes it a valuable resource for the global environment. The long working life of all metal fabrications due to its durability means once your product is manufactured, you will not have to worry about it, as it is highly unlikely it will need your attention again.

The mining industry is reliant upon the equipment and the expertise of metal fabricators not only for mine construction but also for ongoing support and maintenance in such rugged environments. For metal fabrication Mackay or metal repairs Mackay, contact 3D Engineering Mackay today.

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WEB DESIGN USING GRID-BASED LAYOUT METHOD

With any beautiful design or structure, from architecture to painting, there lies beneath it a grid-based layout from which these creations were originally derived. It is, in essence, the unseen mathematical component of all design that, for many web designers, has become standard in the pursuit for the perfect web design.

To understand what a grid-based layout for web design is, we first need to understand why it is referred to as “grid-based.” A grid is a structure consisting of intersecting straight vertical and horizontal guidelines that are made up of margins, flow-lines, columns, rows, gutters, modules, and spatial zones. This potentially complex composition provides the perfect structural base that allows a web designer to create graphic elements from, or to organise content within. It is this reason that grid-based layout is used in web design.

By using grids in the website design a sense of uniformed structure is achieved for the overall website, this helps achieve better usability for website visitors as they are able to navigate and engage with the website much easily than if the content was simply thrown together without structure. Another reason grid-based layouts are used is efficiency. By designing to a grid, the actual design process is simplified because design guidelines are already in place, therefore making it easier to decide on design elements, such as width and height.

When using grid-based layouts in our web design, we can either create our own grid, or download a ready-made grid template. If we create our own grid, we will need to rely on what option works best for us and the web design project we are working on. It is therefore valuable to follow some simple guidelines when creating our own grids. These are:

• Use only enough columns as needed for the web design. In other words, if you are only going to use ten columns, then only create ten columns – and not twenty.
• Watch the spacing. As a general rule, columns should have the same number of pixels across as rows are high.
• Don’t box yourself in. If you need to move outside of the grid for specific graphic elements, then do so. A grid is only there for structural support, and is not the end product.

If creating your own grid-based layout isn’t appealing, or you simple do not have the time to invest in it, then downloading a pre-designed grid template is available. There are many online sources that provide such templates, and by downloading a grid template you can save on time and have, at your disposal, an effective grid template ready to use.

It is important to re-emphasise that grid-based layouts for web design should not be mistaken for a strict rule by which all graphic elements or content must adhere to. Naturally, when creating anything we can move beyond specific rules in order to achieve our creative goal, and grid-based layouts are no different. If we use grids as a structural guide in our web design, then we are better able to create amazing web designs that will not only appear organised on our web page, but will hopefully inspire and engage every website visitor. Article from, web developer brisbane Nets and Webs

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MiSMo MSM health supplements

Would you like Natural, Australian Made Skin Care products that actually work and do what they say they will? At MiSMo Body Care, we provide products with the best active ingredients at the right concentrations that ensure results that you will love and that others will notice!

We specialise not only in Anti-Aging products, but also products that treat Sensitive skin, Acne and Rosacea. MiSMo Body Care also range a beautiful selection Mineral Makeup, including Mineral Foundation with coverage that will astonish, Eye Shadow, Bronzer, Blush, Eyeliner and Brushes.

The difference with MiSMo is that we CARE! We do not forego expensive ingredients that work or in the amounts that are needed just to turn a profit. We produce Natural Skin Care that actually works. All carefully formulated by the Owner and Director Irene McDonald; a lot of research, thought and countless trials have been undertaken to ensure only the best goes to you. The best part of working for MiSMo Body Care is that we all get to try the MiSMo lines, see the results and KNOW that we are a honest Australian company with profound products.

Apart from our range of skin care products, MiSMo also carries health supplements in the form of MSM (Organic Sulphur), Magnesium Gel and Magnesium Chloride Powder. If you have aches and pains and haven’t yet heard of MSM or tried this amazing supplement, you are missing out! MSM is a potent, yet natural food supplement which acts as an anti-inflammatory. MSM treats a large variety of health ailments including: Arthritic and joint pain, Acne, Rosacea, Psoriasis, Anti-ageing, Insect bites, Allergies, Itches or itchy skin, Sunburn, Minor burns, Constipation and Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Gum inflammation, Muscle pain, Sore back and may improve Eye sight. In powder form, this can be taken orally; between 2-8 grams daily with water or orange juice.

The MiSMo MSM difference? MiSMo stocks ONLY PURE, pharmaceutical grade MSM. Carrying both regular MSM and the more premium MSM distilled crystals, both are of the highest quality assurance – so no fillers, foreign materials or nasties are included. The difference between regular MSM and distilled MSM crystals is in the production process. The crystals are produced through a centrifuge ‘spun’ process, whereas the distilled is vapour captured through a boiling process. In terms of consumption, distilled has less inclusions than the regular MSM, although as mentioned both supplied by MiSMo are pharmaceutical grade.

MiSMo Magnesium Chloride Powder is produced from pristine sea waters and is of the highest quality. This ‘food grade’ muscle relaxant is readily absorbed into the body through foot baths, baths or as an oil. The daily recommended dosage of elemental Magnesium is approximately 400mg but research has found magnesium deficient people need more. Conditions that benefit from this product include: High blood pressure, Insomnia, Muscle Pain, Cramps, Anxiety and Depression, Restless legs, Headaches, Diabetes, Diabetic Neuropathy and Inflammation. Magnesium oil has also been shown to strengthen teeth enamel.

MiSMo Magnesium Gel Forte is a body lotion fortified with MSM. The Magnesium Gel Forte delivers minerals to aid any painful areas you may have. Our own team members have experienced their own ‘little miracles’ using this product, including the pain relief and decrease in swelling from a sprained ankle within hours of application and relief from muscle soreness after an intense exercise session. What a relief for an unseasoned cyclist to be climbing stairs by the pair after cycling 30km the day before!

So what is the final point of difference that makes MiSMo a pleasure to deal with? If you have any questions, ASK! We love to answer anything and everything we can about our products and how they can benefit you or solve any skin or health problems you may have. Simply contact us by phone or email! MiSMo is comprised of a team that truly cares about how we can help you while providing the best products to do so.

Now that you know about MiSMo Body Care, please visit mismo.com.au, or contact us on (07) 5309 5513.

All the best,
MiSMo Body Care

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Big Bang Education Brings Hands-on Science workshops to Brisbane Schools

Do your children think science is too hard or think it is really boring? Have you observed that they like putting things together or taking things apart? Do they have a lot of questions? Do they like to investigate and look for answers? If one of your answer is “Yes,” then Big Bang Education is just what your child needs! Big Bang Education provides Brisbane science school workshops, OSHC and vacation care programs as well as high energy and entertaining science themed parties.

Big Bang Education science parties will be sure to excite, entertain and also educate everyone involved. From making slime, blowing giant bubbles and eating ice cream made right in front of you using liquid nitrogen, our science parties will create a memorable experience for years to come. All children attending also receive a science party bag with more experiments so fun can continue at home.

Our science school workshops are guaranteed to be fun and educational. All school programs have been specially designed to be run in parallel with the current Australian science curriculum. It is also organized in a way to help teachers achieve necessary results in understanding science. We know how busy teachers are, so a Big Bang Education science program will save you time and effort, and you know that you are getting a program not fits exactly into the curriculum.

There are different programs for each year level, namely, Foundation/Prep, Year 1, Year 2, Year 3, Year 4 and Year Six. Each of the programs includes hands-on activities so that each child can actively participate and personally experience the science behind each activity. There are a maximum of 30 children per session. Each workshop has entertaining activities and is fully-packed with entertaining demonstrations and fun activities. Most of the activities are designed to be individually performed and then the children will share their new knowledge with the whole class.

Here are more details of each year level’s program:

* Foundation/Prep
Basically, the prep program focuses on hands-on workshop where your child investigates movement. The questions how living things move and how their environment plays an important role to their movement can be answered. The program has 60-minute session with follow-up worksheets that should be emailed to the booking teacher.

* Year 1
For students who are enrolled in the Year 1 program, they experience first-hand the exciting science behind sound and light. They are introduced to the basic facts about light and sound including the senses we are using to detect them. They are shown how to manipulate the various characteristics of a sound like pitch and volume. Lastly, they are taught what are the different sources of sound and light around us.

For its hands-on workshop, students are exposed on the different loudness and pitch of various instruments and have experimented with making sounds by using common objects. They also get to know the colours making up sunlight. After the workshop, they make their own UV light detector.

* Year 2
The Year 2 program focuses on how an object’s motion and shape are affected by push and/or pull. This program is very fun while the children explore the different forces that cause push and pull and how these forces causes an object’s shape to change or affect its movements.

In its hands-on workshop, students will learn how can objects float or sink by different forces affecting the objects that are placed in water. Students also investigate how different toys from various cultures move by pushing and pulling. And the students build parachutes to conduct a class experiment in the most important of all pulling forces, gravity.

* Year 3
The Year 3 program fits into both physical and chemical sciences. In this program, students learn the three different states of matter— solid, liquid and gas. They also get to see on how things can change from one state of matter to another. Students start off watching a science show that showcases some of the dramatic and exciting changes of state using liquid nitrogen.

In the hands-on workshop, students learn how heat is produced and how cooling and heating can cause an object to change its state. They are also taught how to use thermometers in order to measure temperature.

* Year 4
For the Year 4 program, students are entertained by the exciting science behind contact forces and non-contact forces. Contact forces include push and pull and friction. Non-contract forces are magnetism and gravity.

The students will be excited to see and learn how forces can affect the movement of objects during the hands-on workshop. They witness the effects of friction on various surfaces and the forces behind the attraction and repulsion of magnets.

*Year 5
For students under Year 5 program, they get to experience an investigation of the properties of light. During its hands-on workshop, students can get a better visual understanding of how light is absorbed by different material and how it is reflected or refracted. Mirrors are used to experiment on directing beams of light. They also get to see different optical illusions.

*Year 6
The Year 6 program is designed to help the students learn more about electricity, with a specific focus on renewable energies such as solar and wind. The workshop is a self-learning investigation of how electrical circuits work and how to create the different kinds of electrical circuit. The workshop includes learning of using light bulbs and switches and of different ways on how to generate electricity.

All of our Brisbane school science workshop programs are mentored by professional and well-experienced science educators who have more than 10 years of teaching experience. Also, all of our programs are catered to meet the criteria of Australia Curriculum science under the categories of physical sciences and chemical sciences.

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